Field Crop Update June 23, 2022

Erik Smith, Area Field Crop Specialist
Central New York Dairy and Field Crops

June 24, 2022

1. Field Observations

Crops are looking good! So far our insect pest pressure has been relatively low. Corn moth pests are few, and while the leafhoppers are here, their populations are still low at this point. However, bird damage has been devastating in some cases. I've seen several corn fields with crow damage (including my own research plots…), and one 20-acre field of soybeans mown down by geese (see pics). It's too late to replant at this point, but the plants will recover. Unfortunately, even though the geese were kind enough to defoliate the plants at a very early stage (and topdress the field with quite a bit of fertilizer - ahem), it's almost certain that this crop will be set back. But by how much remains to be seen.

Soybeans eaten by geese
Soybean plants eaten by geese

3. Pest and disease monitoring

A. Black cutworm (BCW), western bean cutworm (WBC), and true armyworm (TAW) in corn.
This week, trap numbers remained low. This means that oviposition (egg-laying) may be low, but larval activity will be relatively high. Once again, check your fields until v6 (around 12") for cutworm damage:

Table of traps for BCW, WBC, and TAW in corn

B. Potato leafhopper in alfalfa. *No action needed within a week of harvest

Table of Potato Leafhopper with action thresholds

C. Fusarium head blight in grains. As winter grains are flowering, now would be the time to decide whether to protect crops from fusarium head blight. According to the Fusarium Risk Tool, the risk in our region is currently low (yellow) to moderate (orange) except for eastern Fulton County and east of Schoharie in the Gallupville/Berne area, as well as Herkimer county north of the Mohawk where the risk is high (red) if your crops are currently flowering:

Map of Fusarium Risk Tool of NY





Field Crop Update June 23, 2022 (pdf; 795KB)


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Spotted Lanternfly

Lycorma delicatula, or Spotted Lanternfly (SLF), is an invasive plant hopper from Asia and is an agricultural pest. In the United States, it was first found in Pennsylvania in 2014. Spotted Lanternfly has been found in New York State on Staten Island, all New York City boroughs, Long Island, Port Jervis, Sloatsburg, Orangeburg, Ithaca, Binghamton, Middletown, Newburgh, Highland, and the Buffalo area. SLF threatens the agriculture and forestry industries, and is also a nuisance pest. The nymphs and adults feed on over 70 different plants, but is especially detrimental to grapes, a black walnut, hops, maple trees and apples. New York State Ag and Markets supported CCE efforts to help bring awareness to communities and we developed this Public Service Announcement and would appreciate you sharing it with your member lists. 



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