Field Crop Update, September 28, 2023

Erik Smith, Area Field Crop Specialist
Central New York Dairy and Field Crops

September 29, 2023

As I drive around the region, I see more and more winter grains popping up! As we get further into the fall growing season, keep an eye on the weeds so you're prepared to manage them in spring.

Once again this year I have funding from the NY State Corn and Soybean Growers Association to provide free testing for soybean cyst nematode in soybean fields. If you're interested, please get in touch.

Lots of silage being harvested this week, but if your crops aren't quite there yet, next week should be the week. Other than some rain tomorrow, we should have phenomenal harvesting weather coming up. Happy harvesting, and stay safe-

Further into fall, we're expecting warmer weather than usual, thanks to El NiƱo. See our weather outlook from Jessica Spaccio (Climatologist, NRCC):

7-day precipitation amounts
outlook for October 5-11
October outlook
outlook for October, November & December

2. Growing Degree Days See: Climate Smart Farming Growing Degree Day Calculator. Check your location, planting date, and silking date. Silage corn
needs 750-800 GDD after silking to reach a whole plant DM of 32%. Under typical late season dry down conditions we can expect the crop to reach 35% DM
four to seven days later. For more details, see this article. No matter what the numbers say, check your crop!

Hybrid Relative Maturity (day length) | GDD from silking date to reach ~32% DM
101-110                                                800
96-100                                                  750
<96                                                       750 or slightly less

Highlighted in blue: Time to make plans (35% DM anywhere between 5 - 11 days from now, depending on maturity)
Highlighted in green: Gas up the harvester and the trucks (35% DM in 2 - 8 days, depending on maturity)
Highlighted in yellow: See you in the field (35% DM in less than a week):
Highlighted in red: It's either already in the bunk or it's going for high-moisture corn or it's going in the bin for grain (DM likely > 35-40%)

Growing Degree Days as of September 26









Upcoming Events

Farmer Mental Health in New York State

May 29, 2024

A Story of Crisis and Advocacy from the Makers of the Documentary "Muckville"

View Farmer Mental Health in New York State Details

New York State Fiber Conference

June 9, 2024
Bouckville, NY

Theme for this year: Quality Matters

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Cash Rent and Custom Harvest Survey

To date, there is limited information available about rental rates and fees for crop harvesting.  Farms can use this valuable information for their farm business planning to help improve decision making and profitability. 

The data that is collected, and the subsequent reports/findings/resources will be helpful for all of us to answer that call of "What's the average rental rate in my area?" and "How much do people charge to combine oats?"

Take the survey here.

Farmers Can Join MeatSuite For Free! is a free resource provided by Cornell University where NY meat farmers can create a farm profile and list their bulk (wholes, halves, quarters) and bundled (i.e. Grilling Bundle) meat products.

Why should farmers join?

1. It's free and easy!
2. Connect with more local customers. In the past year the farm directory had 8,300 visits from New York consumers. Farm profiles get as many as 25 views per month from potential local customers. We also spotlight MeatSuite farms on social media and bring attention and purchases to farms through highlights and giveaways.

How do I join?

Farmers can visit to create a free farm profile. You must list at least one product for your farm's profile to go live. You'll also have access to Cornell's free Meat Price Calculator, a helpful tool for pricing your meat to make a profit.

While you're on MeatSuite, check out the "Creating Consumer-Friendly Bulk Meats" publication on the log-in page. It has tips on how to create bulk meat products that are easier for first-time buyers to say "yes" to.

If you have any questions as you create your farm profile or products, we're here to help! Please email Matt LeRoux at

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Spotted Lanternfly

Lycorma delicatula, or Spotted Lanternfly (SLF), is an invasive plant hopper from Asia and is an agricultural pest. In the United States, it was first found in Pennsylvania in 2014. Spotted Lanternfly has been found in New York State on Staten Island, all New York City boroughs, Long Island, Port Jervis, Sloatsburg, Orangeburg, Ithaca, Binghamton, Middletown, Newburgh, Highland, and the Buffalo area. SLF threatens the agriculture and forestry industries, and is also a nuisance pest. The nymphs and adults feed on over 70 different plants, but is especially detrimental to grapes, a black walnut, hops, maple trees and apples. New York State Ag and Markets supported CCE efforts to help bring awareness to communities and we developed this Public Service Announcement and would appreciate you sharing it with your member lists. 

CCE Livestock Program Work Team

See the Livestock Program Work Team website for news, upcoming programs, and NYS Slaughterhouse Map.